Neurturin is a disulfide-linked homodimer neurotrophic factor structurally related to GDNF, artemin, and persephin. These proteins belong to the cysteine-knot family of growth factors that assume stable dimeric structures. Neurturin signals through a multicomponent receptor system, composed of RET and one of four GFRα (α1-α4) receptors. Neurturin promotes the development and survival of sympathetic and sensory neurons by signaling through a receptor system composed of RET and GFRα2. The functional form of human neurturin is a disulfide-linked homodimer, of two 11.8 kDa polypeptide monomers (204 total amino acid residues). Each monomer contains seven conserved cysteine residues, one of which (Cys 69) is used for inter-chain disulfide bridging, and the others are involved in the intramolecular ring formation known as the cysteine knot configuration.
ARLGARPCGL RELEVRVSEL GLGYASDETV LFRYCAGACE AAARVYDLGL RRLRQRRRLR RERVRAQPCC RPTAYEDEVS FLDAHSRYHT VHELSARECA CV
Greater than 98% by SDS-PAGE gel and HPLC analyses.
Human Neurturin at a concentration of 100 ng/ml will support the survival of 65% of newborn rat sympathetic neurons.
Mouse, Rat, Human
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