IL-1α is a non-secreted, proinflammatory cytokine produced in a variety of cells, including monocytes, tissue macrophages, keratinocytes, and other epithelial cells. Both IL-1α and IL-1β bind to the same receptor and have similar, if not identical, biological properties. These cytokines have a broad range of activities including the stimulation of thymocyte proliferation by inducing IL-2 release, B cell maturation and proliferation, mitogenic FGF-like activity and the release of prostaglandin and collagenase from synovial cells. However, whereas IL-1β is a secreted cytokine, IL-1α is predominantly a cell-associated cytokine. Recombinant Human IL-1α is an 18.0 kDa protein containing 159 amino acid residues.
Hematopoietin-1, Lymphocyte-activating factor (LAF), Endogenous Pyrogen (EP), Leukocyte Endogenous Mediator (LEM), Mononuclear Cell Factor (MCF)
SAPFSFLSNV KYNFMRIIKY EFILNDALNQ SIIRANDQYL TAAALHNLDE AVKFDMGAYK SSKDDAKITV ILRISKTQLY VTAQDEDQPV LLKEMPEIPK TITGSETNLL FFWETHGTKN YFTSVAHPNL FIATKQDYWV CLAGGPPSIT DFQILENQA
≥ 98% by SDS-PAGE gel and HPLC analyses.
The ED50 as determined by the dose-dependent stimulation of murine D10S cells is ≤ 0.001 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of ≥ 1 x 109 units/mg.
Calculated Molecular Weight: