IL-21 is a pleiotropic cytokine produced by CD4+ T cells in response to antigenic stimulation. Its action generally enhances antigen-specific responses of immune cells. The biological effects of IL-21 include: inducing the differentiation of T cell-stimulated B cells into plasma cells and memory B cells; the stimulation of IgG production in conjunction with IL-4; and the induction of apoptotic effects in naïve B cells and stimulated B cells in the absence of T cell signaling. Additionally, IL-21 promotes the anti-tumor activity of CD8+ T cells and NK cells. IL-21 exerts its effect through binding to a specific type I cytokine receptor, IL-21R, which also contains the γ chain (γc) found in other cytokine receptors, including IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-9 and IL-15. The IL-21/IL-21R interaction triggers a cascade of events, which includes activation of the tyrosine kinases JAK1 and JAK3, followed by activation of the transcription factors STAT1 and STAT3. Recombinant Human IL-21 is a 15.4 kDa protein consisting of 132 amino acid residues.
MQDRHMIRMR QLIDIVDQLK NYVNDLVPEF LPAPEDVETN CEWSAFSCFQ KAQLKSANTG NNERIINVSI KKLKRKPPST NAGRRQKHRL TCPSCDSYEK KPPKEFLERF KSLLQKMIHQ HLSSRTHGSE DS
≥ 98% by SDS-PAGE gel and HPLC analyses.
Determined by its ability to stimulate the proliferation of human ANBL-6 cells. The expected ED50 is ≤ 0.5 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of ≥ 2 x106 units/mg.
Calculated Molecular Weight:
Not for human use.