Noggin belongs to a group of diffusible proteins that bind to ligands of the TGF-β family, and regulate their activity by inhibiting their access to signaling receptors. Noggin was originally identified as a BMP-4 antagonist whose action was critical for proper formation of the head and other dorsal structures. Consequently, noggin has been shown to modulate the activities of other BMPs including BMP-2,-7,-13, and -14. Targeted deletion of noggin in mice results in prenatal death, and a recessive phenotype displaying a severely malformed skeletal system. Conversely, transgenic mice over-expressing noggin in mature osteoblasts display impaired osteoblastic differentiation, reduced bone formation, and severe osteoporosis. Recombinant Murine Noggin is a 46.4 kDa disulfide-linked homodimer consisting of two 206 amino acid polypeptide chains.
AA Sequence (monomer):
MQHYLHIRPA PSDNLPLVDL IEHPDPIFDP KEKDLNETLL RSLLGGHYDP GFMATSPPED RPGGGGGPAG GAEDLAELDQ LLRQRPSGAM PSEIKGLEFS EGLAQGKKQR LSKKLRRKLQ MWLWSQTFCP VLYAWNDLGS RFWPRYVKVG SCFSKRSCSV PEGMVCKPSK SVHLTVLRWR CQRRGGQRCG WIPIQYPIIS ECKCSC
≥ 95% by SDS-PAGE gel and HPLC analyses.
Determined by its ability to inhibit 5.0 ng/ml of BMP-4 induced alkaline phosphatase production by ATDC5 chondrogenic cells. The expected ED50 for this effect is 1.0-2.0 ng/ml of Noggin.
Calculated Molecular Weight:
Endotoxin level is < 0.1 ng/ug of protein (< 1 EU/ug)
Not for human use.