IL-1α is a non-secreted, proinflammatory cytokine produced in a variety of cells, including monocytes, tissue macrophages, keratinocytes, and other epithelial cells. Both IL-1α and IL-1β bind to the same receptor and have similar, if not identical, biological properties. These cytokines have a broad range of activities including the stimulation of thymocyte proliferation by inducing IL-2 release, B-cell maturation and proliferation, mitogenic FGF-like activity, and the release of prostaglandin and collagenase from synovial cells. However, whereas IL-1β is a secreted cytokine, IL-1α is predominantly a cell-associated cytokine. Recombinant Rat IL-1α is a 17.7 kDa protein containing 155 amino acid residues.
Hematopoietin-1, Lymphocyte-activating factor (LAF), Endogenous Pyrogen (EP), Leukocyte Endogenous Mediator (LEM), Mononuclear Cell Factor (MCF)
MAPHSFQNNL RYKLIRIVKQ EFIMNDSLNQ NIYVDMDRIH LKAASLNDLQ LEVKFDMYAY SSGGDSKYPV TLKVSNTQLF VSAQGEDKPV LLKEIPETPK LITGSETDLI FFWEKINSKN YFTSAAFPEL LIATKEQSQV HLARGLPSMI DFQIS
≥ 98% by SDS-PAGE gel and HPLC analyses.
The ED50 as determined by the dose-dependent proliferation of murine D10S cells is ≤ 0.005 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of ≥ 2 x 108 units/mg.
Calculated Molecular Weight:
Not for human use.